Maritime Action Ship

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Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action
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General characteristics Nose Maritime Action
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Scheme of the plant(floor) propulsora and electrical of the Nose of Maritime Action
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Silhouette of the Nose of Maritime Action
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Nose of Action Marítima. - Program of Milestones of Construction
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Enabling seamanship Military Transport. Before
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Chamber and Berth Commander. After.
Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action
Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action

The purpose of the ocean-going Maritime Action Ship (BAM) is to replace the different and heterogeneous types of patrol ships which are near the end of their life cycle, for a Maritime Action Force designed around a reliable and highly automated platform with low maintenance costs, reduced crew, and enhanced endurance.

The ocean-going ships, 94 m. long and a displacement of 2,500 tons will replace the “Barceló”, “Anaga”, “Conejera”, “Toralla” and “Descubierta” class patrol boats. The missions include patrolling, EEZ protection and interventions support in third countries. They will be armed with light weapons and have rescue equipment to assist in catastrophes with medical facilities, cargo transport, means to fight sea pollution and a helicopter platform. The ship will be built with civilian standards except for some specific military characteristics.

The design of the BAM platform has taken into account other Navy needs within the maritime action sphere. The Project Definition of the BAM has borne in mind the inherent peculiarities of the design, as well as possible future requirements such as non oceanic versions: Hydro-graphic research, Intelligence, divers support, and submarine rescue.

Special emphasis has been laid on the design and stabilization of the platform in order to improve her performance at sea, permitting prolonged operations without excessive fatigue for the crew.

From the very beginning of the project, aspects related to personnel safety were also taken into account so as to reduce the possible risks during the different operations.

It is worth underlining the small crew: 35 people. This implies a high automation level, compatible with existing technology, incorporating maintenance and logistic criteria congruent with reduced crews and the safety and reliable performance of the ship. In this sense, the ship will have a state-of-the-art Platform Control Integrated System, and a Maintenance System based on Sea State.

The design and shipbuilding will basically be based on commercial standards favouring safety and ship survivability, especially in areas related to the hull and propulsion system, electricity and auxiliary services. Special care will be taken in the asymmetric threat.

One of the main objectives is to reach a high level of accommodation and quality of life onboard incorporating modern designs to enhance comfort, environmental control, ergonomics, etc.

The ship will follow the philosophy of a “Green Ship” to meet all environmental requirements and fight against sea pollution, compatible with the fulfilment of the mission.

Given the wide variety of possible configurations depending of the mission assigned, the design will be modular to easily adapt the ship to the specific situation.

To sum up, the ocean-going Maritime Action Ship has been designed as a versatile platform to make better use of available resources reducing life cycle costs. The reduced crews and high habitability standards are important milestones in the procurement process of naval units and the modernisation of the Armed Forces.

Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action
Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action

The programme was developed following the PAPS method (Phased Armament Programming System) structured into the following stages:

  • Assessment of operational requirements.
  • Pre-feasibility.
  • Feasibility
  • Project definition.
  • Shipbuilding.
Assessment of operational requirements

It started in September 2004 when the Chief of Naval Staff (AJEMA) approved the MND document establishing the Staff Objectives (NST).

Pre-feasibility

During this stage the main parameters were designed stressing Life Cycle Costs. Several innovative aspects of the design were studied and the concepts of ocean-going and coastal ships were developed resulting in a “common platform” which underlined the need to keep low maintenance costs. This stage finished in November 2004 when the Chief of Naval Staff (AJEMA) issued the Staff Objective.

Feasibility

Subsequently, the feasibility studies commenced after a transition phase of technical-financial analysis resulting in the Staff Requirements signed by the AJEMA on April 25th 2005.

Project Definition

After the Staff Requirements were concluded the Project Definition phase started with technical backup from NAVANTIA thanks to the contract signed with that company in July 2005. This phase resulted in the Execution Order for the shipbuilding of four units.

Shipbuilding

The shipbuilding stage started on July 31st 2006 when a contract was signed between NAVANTIA and the Spanish Navy for the construction of the first unit of a batch of four in the San Fernando/Puerto Real Shipyards (Cádiz).

The four units will be delivered according to the following schedule:

  • BAM P-41(Meteoro): July 2009
  • BAM P-42 (Rayo): March 2010
  • BAM P-43 (Relámpago): July 2010
  • BAM P-44 (Tornado): November 2010
Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action
Silhouette Nose of Maritime Action

This Maritime Action Ship has been designed to carry out military missions against asymmetric or conventional threats by means of presence (deterrence), surveillance (prevention) and limited actions (neutralisation).

Additionally, other missions are also envisaged such as the protection of national maritime interests and the control of maritime spaces of national sovereignty, contributing to the activities carried out by different State departments with responsibilities in the maritime domain.

Finally, the ship will also carry out constabulary missions in cooperation with the police and other law enforcements organisations taking part in surveillance, SAR and fighting sea pollution, collaborating with other ministerial departments.

Two possible mission profiles for the BAM are envisaged:

Profile 1: Sea control operations in low intensity scenarios.

These operations can be carried out in the international domain (implementing international resolutions) or in the national sphere in cooperation with State law enforcements organisations.

These are some of Profile 1 tasks:

  • Naval presence.
  • Maritime interdiction.
  • Merchant traffic protection.
  • Shipping control.
  • Protection and support of small units.
  • Transport of Special Operations forces.
  • Control and neutralisation of terrorist actions.
  • Control and neutralisation of piracy.
  • Operations against drug-trafficking.
  • Operations against illegal immigration.
  • Participation in NEO operations.
  • Certain operations related to humanitarian aid and natural catastrophes situations.
  • Medical care at sea.
Profile 2: Surveillance, control and cooperation operations.

The natural sphere of this profile will be outside territorial waters operating within the EEZ and adjacent maritime areas. Surveillance, control and cooperation missions will normally be carried out in peacetime and without military threats.

These are some of Profile 2 tasks:

  • Naval presence.
  • Control of activities in those maritime areas.
  • Control of dangerous cargo.
  • SAR operations.
  • Coordination of small scale operations at sea.
  • Supervision and control on environmental legislation.
  • Supervision and control of fishing legislation.
  • Collaboration in training of other units or Schools.
  • Logistic and medical support to small ships.
General characteristics
  • General characteristics Nose Maritime Action
    General characteristics Nose Maritime Action
    Length: 93.90 m.
  • Width: 4.20 m.
  • Draught: 4.2 m.
  • Stanchion: 7.20 m.
  • Displacement: 2,500 t.
  • Max. Speed: 20.5 knots.
  • Max. sustained speed: 19 knots.
  • Patrol speed: 10 knots.
  • Endurance: 3,500 miles at 15 knots + 12 days at 6 knots + 3,500 at 12 knots.
  • Complement: 35
  • Transport capacity: 35 people.
  • NEO capacity: 80 people.
  • Helicopter: SH-3D, AB-212, NH-90
  • Poop deck containers: 2 x 16 tons.
  • Flight deck containers: 3 x 5.5 tons.
Propulsion and Electricity
  • Propulsion plant
    • Scheme of the plant(floor) propulsora and electrical of the Nose of Maritime Action
      Scheme of the plant(floor) propulsora and electrical of the Nose of Maritime Action
      CODOE (Combined Diesel or Electric) propulsion plant.
    • Total power: 2 x 4500 kW (diesel) + 2 x 750 kW (electric).
    • Propeller type: 2 CPP.
    • Propeller diameter: 3450 mm.
    • 2 reducers – one 1000 r.p.m. (diesel); one 1200 r.p.m. (electric).
    • Bow transversal propeller (500 kW).
  • Electric plant.
    • Main diesel generators: 4 x 660 kW.
    • Emergency generator: 260 kW.
    • Force: 440V, 60 Hz, 3-ph.
    • Light: 220V, 60 Hz.
    • Red de Hotel 220V, 60 Hz
Systems
  • Silhouette of the Nose of Maritime Action
    Silhouette of the Nose of Maritime Action
    Command and Control System:
    • Este sistema recibirá información directa de los enlaces tácticos de datos.
  • Combat System:
    • It provides capabilities to receive, process, integrate, store, present and transmit information from the different sensors and equipment.
    • It manages and presents tactical information integrating information from navigational and meteorological aids.
  • Communications System:
    • It provides the necessary capabilities for the digital management of onboard communications, including satellite, data and voice.
    • It has a message processing system for high speed transmissions; PA system and emergency equipment.
Operational capabilities
  • Silhouette of the Nose of Maritime Action
    Silhouette of the Nose of Maritime Action
    Flight deck for AB-212, NH-90 or SH-3D
  • Hangar for AB-212 or NH-90 helicopter.
  • 2 RIB craft.
  • Environmental defence:
    • 130 m3 of spill waste.
    • Contention barriers.
    • Dispersant system.
  • Additional capability (*)
    • 3 poop deck containers (16 tons).
    • 3 flight deck containers (16 tons).

    (*) Containers: UAV’s, firing targets, signal simulators, antipollution assets, divers support, workshops, etc.

Weapons

El buque contará con:

  • One 76/62 gun
  • Two 25 mm automatic mountings
  • Two 12.7 mm machine guns
Crew,transport personnel and habitability.

Crew.

Two of the main goals were to develop a ship with a small crew and high quality of life. The ship has been designed to operate with 35 people capable of carrying out most of the basic tasks of the ship. Habitability distribution is summarised as follows:

Crew,transport personnel and habitability
CREW CABIN
CO 1 1x1
XO 1 1x1
Officers 3 3x1
NCOs 10 2x1 / 4x2
Ratings 35 5x4
Total 35

All cabins will have bathrooms to provide maximum flexibility for embarked female personnel.

Transport personnel

Besides the crew, the ship can accommodate a further 35 people with a similar habitability standard to that of the crew. The configuration of such personnel will depend on the specific mission entrusted to the ship. The distribution will be as follows:

Transport personnel and habitability
CREW CABIN
Officers 1 1x1
Ratings 6 3x2
Cabos y Marinería 28 7x4
Total 35

All cabins will have bathrooms.

For NEO or maritime rescue operations, the ship can accommodate a maximum of 80 people during 48 hours, apart from the crew.

Equipment and Habitability
  • Implementation of quality of life at sea criteria (CAVIMAR).
  • Higher habitability standards than that recommended by NATO.
  • Lounges, library, internet and gym.
  • Centralised kitchen for the three mess rooms.
  • Laundry.
  • Ample medical areas: hospital, consulting room, advanced medical support, telemedicine.
  • A1 – Resting area: cabins, mess decks.
  • A2 – Victuals area: Dining rooms, kitchen, self-service, dishwasher, drinks storeroom.
  • A3 – Leisure area: wardrooms, lounges, study rooms, internet, library and gym.
  • A4 – Medical area.
  • A5 – Corridors.

The ocean-going Maritime Action Ship (BAM) incorporates a series of technological aspects which turn the vessel into a state-of-the-arts ship with many indigenous developments enhancing the National Industry and international competitiveness in order to market the product around the world, as this type of vessel is much demanded by different countries.

These are some of the most important aspects:

  • Highly multi-purpose and flexible platform.
  • Optimum seaworthiness.
  • Possibility of operation in non oceanic environments.
  • Loading of containers.
  • High level of automation with reduced crew.
  • Implementation of an advanced maintenance system.
  • Combined diesel and electric propulsion plant.
  • Contracted loaded tip propellers which reduce fuel consumption, noises, and increases speed.
  • State-of-the-art command and control system.
  • Easy maintenance.
  • High level of habitability.
  • Environmentally friendly ship.
  • High level of safety in operations.

The shipbuilding stage started on July 31st 2006 when a contract was signed between NAVANTIA and the Spanish Navy for the construction of the first unit of a batch of four in the San Fernando/Puerto Real Shipyards (Cádiz).

The four units will be delivered according to the following schedule:

  • BAM Meteoro (P-41): July 2009
  • BAM Rayo (P-42): March 2010
  • BAM Relámpago (P-43): July 2010
  • BAM Tornado (P-44): November 2010
Nose of Action Marítima. - Program of Milestones of Construction
Nose of Action Marítima. - Program of Milestones of Construction

On September 26th a Programme Launching Meeting took place in San Fernando with representatives from the Naval Staff, DIGAM, AJAL and ARDIZ.
On January 25th 2007 a conference was held in Puerto Real (Cádiz) where the General Situation of the Programme was analysed in depth. The project has a 14% advance in the programme, slightly above the scheduled calendar.

In April, a Preliminary Review of the Design will take place.

In accordance with the plan to improve quality of life at sea, the initial project was reviewed by NAVANTIA and OLIVER DESIGN in order to incorporate habitability upgradings and improvements in different areas of the ship. Namely:

  • Accommodation areas for ratings and transport personnel.
  • Kitchen and messing area.
  • Living room for ratings and library.
  • NCO wardroom.
  • Officers’ wardroom.
  • Commanding officer’s cabin
    
        

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